Sunday, 25 February 2018

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UNRIC Library Backgrounder: Genocide

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Genocide was first recognised as a crime under international law in 1946 by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/96-I). It was codified as an independent crime in the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the Genocide Convention). The Convention has been ratified by 149 States (as of January 2018). The International Court of Justice (ICJ) has repeatedly stated that the Convention embodies principles that are part of general customary international law. This means that whether or not States have ratified the Genocide Convention, they are all bound as a matter of law by the principle that genocide is a crime prohibited under international law. The ICJ has also stated that the prohibition of genocide is a peremptory norm of international law (or ius cogens) and consequently, no derogation from it is allowed.

The definition of the crime of genocide as contained in Article II of the Genocide Convention was the result of a negotiating process and reflects the compromise reached among United Nations Member States in 1948 at the time of drafting the Convention. Genocide is defined in the same terms as in the Genocide Convention in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (Article 6), as well as in the statutes of other international and hybrid jurisdictions. Many States have also criminalized genocide in their domestic law; others have yet to do so.

Source: http://www.un.org/en/genocideprevention/genocide.html

 

 UN Entities

UN Treaties and Declarations

Selected UN Documents
  • A/70/621-S/2015/978 (14 December 2015): Letter dated 14 December 2015 from the Permanent Representative of Liechtenstein to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary General:
    http://undocs.org/A/70/621
    Transmits "Code of conduct regarding Security Council action against genocide, crimes against humanity or war crimes".
  • S/RES/2150 (2014) [on prevention and fight against genocide and other serious crimes under international law]:
    http://undocs.org/S/RES/2150(2014)
  • S/2014/262 (11 April 2014): Letter dated 10 April 2014 from the Permanent Representative of Belgium to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council:
    http://undocs.org/S/2014/262
    Transmits the conclusions of the International Conference on Genocide Prevention, which was held in Brussels on 31 March and 1 April 2014 in the presence of the Secretary-General
  • S/2014/265 (14 April 2014): Letter dated 11 April 2014 from the President of the Security Council addressed to the Secretary-General:
    http://undocs.org/S/2014/265
    Concept note prepared by the delegation of Rwanda: Threat to international peace and security: prevention of and fight against genocide
  • A/63/958 (9 September 2009): Concept note on the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity : note / by the President of the General Assembly:
    http://undocs.org/A/63/958
  • A/HRC/10/30 (18 February 2009): Efforts of the United Nations System to prevent genocide and the activities of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide : report of the Secretary-General:
    http://undocs.org/A/HRC/10/30 and http://undocs.org/A/HRC/10/30/Corr.1
  • A/HRC/10/25 (9 March 2009): Prevention of genocide : report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights:
    http://undocs.org/A/HRC/10/25
  • A/HRC/7/37 (18 March 2008): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the Five Point Action Plan and the activities of the Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide: http://undocs.org/A/HRC/7/37
  • A/60/863 (8. June 2006): Information and outreach programme entitled “The Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations”: Report of the Secretary-General:
    http://undocs.org/A/60/863
  • Further documents: https://un4.me/2nlxdby

Selected Statements and Speeches by UN Officials

UN Events and Observances

Further information

 


 

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UN Entities

UN Events and Observances

Selected Statements and Speeches by UN Officials

 


26 January 2018
not an official document - for information only
http://www.unric.org/en/unric-library/29058