Saturday, 24 February 2018

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UNRIC Library Backgrounder: Peacekeeping

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United Nations peacekeeping operations are a vital instrument employed by the international community to advance peace and security. While not specifically envisaged in the Charter of the United Nations, the UN pioneered peacekeeping in 1948 with the establishment of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization in the Middle East. Since then, it has established a total of 71 operations, 16 of which were active at the end of December 2016.
Peacekeeping operations are deployed with the authorization of the Security Council and the consent of the host government and/or the main parties to the conflict. Peacekeeping was originally a primarily military model of observing ceasefires and the separation of forces after inter-state wars. Today, it has evolved into a complex model of many elements — military, police and civilians — working together to help lay the foundations of a sustainable peace.

Basic Facts about the United Nations, 42nd Edition © 2017



 UN Websites

Research & Documentation
  • United Nations Documentation - Research Guide on Peacekeeping:
  • Peacekeeping Resource Hub:
  • Repertoire of the Practice of the Security Council:
  • List of Newsletters, Journals & Bulletins issued by UN Peacekeeping Missions:
  • UN Peacemaker:   
    UN Peacemaker is an online mediation support tool developed by the Mediation Support Unit (MSU) in the Policy and Mediation Division of the Department of Political Affairs (DPA).
    Intended for peacemaking professionals, it includes an extensive database of peace agreements, guidance material and information on the UN’s mediation support services.
    UN Peacemaker is part of the UN’s overall effort to provide advice and support to the Secretary-General and his Representatives in their efforts to resolve international disputes and internal conflicts. It is also intended to be useful to UN partners actively engaged in peacemaking efforts, including Member States, regional organisations, civil society, non-governmental organisations and national mediators.

Facts & Figures

Further information
November 2017
not an official document - for information only