Sunday, 29 May 2016

UN in your language

UNRIC Library Backgrounder: Ebola

 altPDF version

Ebola virus disease (formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever) is a severe, often fatal illness, with a death rate of up to 90% caused by Ebola virus, a member of the filovirus family. The Ebola virus was first identified in 1976 when 2 simultaneous outbreaks occurred, 1 in Yambuku, a village not far from the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the other in a remote area of Sudan. The origin of the virus is unknown, but current evidence suggests that fruit bats (Pteropodidae) may be a host.

Source: Frequently asked questions on Ebola virus disease

In March 2014, a rapidly evolving outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever started in Guinea. The outbreak subsequently spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Senegal, and Mali.
1 Aug 2014: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia launched a joint US$ 100 million response plan.
8 Aug 2014: WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
28 Aug 2014: WHO issued a "roadmap" to scale up the international response.
19 Sep 2014: UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) established.
17 Oct 2014: WHO declared Senegal free of Ebola virus transmission.
20 Oct 2014: WHO declared Nigeria free of Ebola virus transmission.
19 Jan 2015: WHO declared Mali free of Ebola virus transmission.
21 Jan 2015: Updated Overview of Needs and Requirements for Jan-Jun 2015 launched.
8 May 2015: WHO declared Liberia free of Ebola virus transmission.
31 Jul 2015: UNMEER closed and transitioned oversight of the UN system’s Ebola emergency response to WHO as of 1 Aug.
7 Nov 2015: WHO declared Sierra Leone free of Ebola virus transmission.
29 Dec 2015: WHO declared the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.

Source: ReliefWeb


 UN Entities
  • Global Ebola Response:
    http://ebolaresponse.un.org/
    The UN system and the international community are coming together as never before to deliver a rapid, robust and effective response to help the Governments and the people of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

  • United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER)
    http://ebolaresponse.un.org/un-mission-ebola-emergency-response
    Having achieved its “core objective” of scaling up global action to tackle the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response will officially wind down on 31 July 2015, transferring its role to the World Health Organization (WHO), which just announced that an experimental vaccine being tested in Guinea appears to be highly effective and could be a “game changer.”

Selected documents:

    • A/69/1014 (1 September 2015): Letter dated 1 September 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly
      http://undocs.org/A/69/1014
      Reports on the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 to 31 July 2015, the 300-day mark since the establishment of the UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER); records activities carried out by the Special Envoy on Ebola and UNMEER, and provides an update on progress made in the Ebola response pursuant to General Assembly resolution 69/1 since the update of 24 July 2015 (A/69/992).
    • A/69/992 (24 July 2015): Letter dated 24 July 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly
      http://undocs.org/A/69/992
      Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 June through 1 July 2015 since the establishment of the UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER); provides an update on progress made in the Ebola response pursuant to General Assembly resolution 69/1 since the update of 16 June 2015 (A/69/939).
    • A/69/908 (26 May 2015): Letter dated 22 May 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly :
      http://undocs.org/A/69/908
      Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 Apr. to 1 May 2015; provides an update on progress made in the Ebola response pursuant to General Assembly resolution 69/1 since the update of 16 Apr. 2015 (A/69/871).
    • S/2015/282 (27 April 2015): Letter dated 23 April 2015 from the Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission addressed to the President of the Security Council :
      http://undocs.org/S/2015/282
      Reports, in the capacity as Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission, the visits to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Senegal/UN Office for West Africa, from 5 to 10 Apr. 2015, to assess the impact of the Ebola crisis on peacebuilding.
    • A/69/871 (16 April 2015): Letter dated 16 April 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly :
      http://undocs.org/A/69/871

      Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 Mar. to 1 Apr. 2015; provides an update on progress made in the Ebola response pursuant to General Assembly resolution 69/1 since the update of 13 Mar. 2015 (A/69/812).
    • A/69/812 (13 March 2015): Letter dated 12 March 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly:
      http://undocs.org/A/69/812
      The report covers developments from 1 February to 1 March 2015, the 150-day mark since the of UNMEER.
    • A/69/759 (10 February 2015): Letter dated 10 February 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly
      http://undocs.org/A/69/759 
      Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 Jan.-1 Feb. 2015; provides an update on progress made in the Ebola response pursuant to General Assembly resolution 69/1 since the update of 12 Jan. 2015 (A/69/720).
    • A/69/720 (13 January 2015): Letter dated 12 January 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly
      http://undocs.org/A/69/720 
      Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 Nov. 2014-1 Jan. 2015.
    • A/RES/69/132 (Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 11 December 2014): Global health and foreign policy
      http://undocs.org/A/RES/69/132
    • A/69/573 (12 November 2014): Letter dated 12 November 2014 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly
      http://undocs.org/A/69/573
      Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 19 Sept. through 31 Oct. 2014.
    • A/RES/69/3 (Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 9 October 2014): United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response
      http://undocs.org/A/RES/69/3
    • A/69/408 (30 Sept. 2014): United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response and the Office of the Special Envoy on Ebola : report of the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions
      http://undocs.org/A/69/408
    • A/69/404 (24 September 2014): United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response and the Office of the Special Envoy on Ebola; Report of the Secretary-General:
      http://undocs.org/A/69/404
    • A/RES/69/1 (Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 19 September 2014): Measures to contain and combat the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa
      http://undocs.org/A/RES/69/1
      Annexes (p. 6-10): 1. Summary of estimated preliminary resource requirements - 2. Staffing summary -- 3. UNMEER/Office of the Special Envoy structure.
    • A/69/389-S/2014/679 (18 September 2014): Identical letters dated 17 September 2014 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly and the President of the Security Council:
      http://undocs.org/A/69/389
      In this document the Secretary-General sets forth the Mission’s six guiding principles and 12 actions deemed critical by the Senior United Nations System Coordinator to carry out the Mission’s aims.
    • Further documents – click here

Selected press releases & news stories:

 

Secretary-General


The Secretary-General held a High-level Meeting on Response to the Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak on 25 September 2014:

http://papersmart.unmeetings.org/secretariat/eosg/hlm-response-to-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak/programme/ 

 

General Assembly


General Assembly meeting on 19 September 2014 on “Measures to contain and combat the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa”:


Ebola virus outbreak - General Assembly, Informal meeting, 69th session (10 October 2014):


General Assembly Briefing on the Ebola virus outbreak, 20 January 2015:
http://www.un.org/pga/200115_birfing-ebola/


General Assembly Information Meeting on Ebola, 18 February 2015:


Informal Meeting of the General Assembly – Progress of the Ebola outbreak response and recovery efforts, 13 January 2016:

 

Security Council 


Emergency Session on Peace and Security in Africa (Ebola), 18 September 2014:


 7279th meeting of the Security Council on Peace and Security in Africa regarding Ebola, 14 October 2014:


7318th meeting of the Security Council on Peace and Security in Africa, 21 November 2014:


7502nd meeting of the Security Council on Peace and Security in Africa - The global response to the 2013 Ebola virus disease outbreak, 13 August 2015:

 


Economic and Social Council

Special Meeting on “Ebola: A threat to sustainable development”, 5 December 2014
http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/ebola1/

 


Further Information

 

13 January 2015
not an official document - for information only
http://www.unric.org/en/unric-library/29436