Wednesday, 23 July 2014

UN in your language

UNRIC Library Backgrounder: Genocide

 altPDF version

The 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (article 2) defines genocide as “any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group … ”, including: (a) Killing members of the group; (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

The Convention confirms that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or war, is a crime under international law which parties to the Convention undertake “to prevent and to punish” (article 1). The primary responsibility to prevent and stop genocide lies with the State in which this crime takes place.

Genocide often occurs in societies in which different national, racial, ethnic or religious groups become locked in identity-related conflicts. However, it is not the differences in identity per se that generate conflict, but rather the gross inequalities associated with those differences in terms of access to power and resources, social services, development opportunities and the enjoyment of fundamental rights and freedoms. It is often the targeted group’s reactions to these inequalities, and counter-reactions by the dominant group, that generate conflict that can escalate to genocide.

Given that no country is perfectly homogeneous, genocide is a truly global challenge. Genocide may occur in times of peace, where groups are intentionally subject to long-term policies and practices affecting their ability to exist as an identity group, as well as in the context of both intra-State and inter-State conflicts.

Information Booklet of the Office of the Special Adviser
on the Prevention of Genocide (July 2010)

 

 UN Entities

UN Treaties and Declarations

Selected UN Documents
  • S/RES/2150(2014): Resolution adopted by the Security Council at its 7155th meeting, on 16 April 2014 regarding the significance of Convention on Prevention and punishment of the Crime of Genocide: http://undocs.org/S/RES/2150(2014)
  • S/2014/262 (11 April 2014): Letter dated 10 April 2014 from the Permanent Representative of Belgium to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council:
    http://undocs.org/S/2014/262
    transmits the conclusions of the International Conference on Genocide Prevention, which was held in Brussels on 31 March and 1 April 2014 in the presence of the Secretary-General
  • S/2014/265 (14 April 2014): Letter dated 11 April 2014 from the President of the Security Council addressed to the Secretary-General:
    http://undocs.org/S/2014/265
    Concept note prepared by the delegation of Rwanda:  Threat to international peace and security: prevention of and fight against genocide
  • A/63/958 (9 September 2009): Concept note on the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity : note / by the President of the General Assembly:
    http://undocs.org/A/63/958
  • A/HRC/10/30 (18 February 2009): Efforts of the United Nations System to prevent genocide and the activities of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide : report of the Secretary-General:
    http://undocs.org/A/HRC/10/30 and http://undocs.org/A/HRC/10/30/Corr.1
  • A/HRC/10/25 (9 March 2009): Prevention of genocide : report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights:
    http://undocs.org/A/HRC/10/25
  • A/HRC/7/37 (18 March 2008): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the Five Point Action Plan and the activities of the Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide: http://undocs.org/A/HRC/7/37
  • A/60/863 (8. June 2006): Information and outreach programme entitled “The Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations”: Report of the Secretary-General:
    http://undocs.org/A/60/863
  • Further documents:
    http://www.un.org/en/preventgenocide/adviser/documents.shtml

Selected Statements and Speeches by UN Officials

UN Events and Observances

Further information

 


 

 holocaust banner

 


UN Entities

UN Events and Observances

Selected Statements and Speeches by UN Officials

 


April 2014
not an official document - for information only
http://www.unric.org/en/unric-library/29058

 

Social Media

facebook32x32 Dblue twitter32x32 Dblue vimeo32x32 Dblue Issuu dark blue 32
UNRIC Social Media

 

Visit the UNRIC Info Point & Library

Here you can find a collection of UN documents and publications in English, French and Spanish, as well as general information materials about the work of the United Nations.

library lobby

Opening hours:
Mon - Wed: 10:00 -12:00 am, 2:00 -5:00 pm
Thursday: 2:00-5:00 pm, Friday: 10:00-12:00 am
or upon appointment.

Info Point and Library will be closed from Thursday 17 July to Tuesday 22 July 2014 (morning)

Backgrounders on Iraq, Ukraine, Syria

Library Newsletter - June 2014

new Backgrounders: Civil Society,
       Transitional Justice