Tuesday, 27 September 2016

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UNRIC Library Backgrounder: Syrian Arab Republic

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Syrian Crisis - United Nations Response; A Weekly Update from the UN Department of Public Information
http://un4.me/2042r6h
DPI has developed this product to share information on and highlight what the UN is doing to respond to the Syria crisis. The bulletin, issued on a weekly basis, aims at providing a snapshot of the latest UN activities to address the crisis, gathered from open source material.


Intra Syrian Talks 2016

http://un4.me/1KGarku

Mediator's Summary of the 13-27 April Round
of UN Facilitated Intra-Syrian Talks (28 April 2016)
http://bit.ly/1S1E41Y

UN Special Envoy’s Paper on Points of Commonalities (24 March 2016)
http://un4.me/1ollp6B

Supporting Syria and the Region
(4 February 2016, London)
https://www.supportingsyria2016.com/

Geneva Consultations on Syria - 2015
http://un4.me/1UpPigZ

Geneva Conference on Syria
Montreux, 22 January 2014
Geneva, 24-31 January 2014
2nd Round of Talks: 10-15 February 2014
http://un4.me/15TMZP4


 Security Council
  • Meetings in 2016: 21 September, 22 August, 25 July, 23 June, 27, 4 May, 28 April, 30 March, 26, 24 February, 27, 14 January – The situation in the Middle East
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2016.shtml   
    (Meeting records, press releases and resolutions)
  • Meetings in 2015: 22, 21, 18 December, 16 November, 27 October, 16 September, 27, 17, 7 August, 29 July, 28 July, 29 June, 28 May, 24, 21 April, 27 March, 6 March, 26 February, 28 January – The situation in the Middle East
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2015.shtml 
  • Meetings in 2014: 18, 15 December, 25 November, 30 October, 30, 19 September, 28 August, 14 July, 26 June, 22 May, 22 February - Middle East situation – Syria, 20 January – The situation in the Middle East
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2014.shtml
  • Meetings in 2013: 2 October, 27 September, 24, 18 April, 26 February – The situation in the Middle East
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2013.shtml
  • Meetings in 2012: 30 August – The situation in the Middle East; 9 August - Meeting with the troop-contributing countries to the United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria; 19 & 20 July - Middle East; 10 June - Meeting with countries contributing troops and police to the UN Peacekeeping Force in Syrian Arab Republic; 23 April - Middle East; 21 April – Middle East; 14 April – Middle East; 27 March - Middle East; 21 March - Middle East; 12 March - Middle East; 4 February - Middle East situation - Syria ; 31 January - Middle East situation – Syria
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2012.shtml
  • Meetings in 2011: 4 October - Middle East Sstuation; 3 August - Middle East situation; 10 May - Protection of civilians in armed conflict; 27 April - Meetings on the Middle East situation:
    http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2011.shtml
    (Meeting records, press releases and resolutions)

Resolutions and other selected documents:

    • S/2016/748 (29 August 2016): Letter dated 29 August 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council:
      http://undocs.org/S/2016/748
      Other title: Progress in the elimination of the Syrian chemical weapons programme
      Summary: Transmits the 35th monthly report of the Director-General of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) pursuant to para. 12 of Security Council resolution 2118 (2013); covers the period from 23 July-22 Aug. 2016.
    • S/2016/738 (24 August 2016): Letter dated 24 August 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council:
      http://undocs.org/S/2016/738 and http://undocs.org/S/2016/738/Rev.1
      Other Title: 3rd report of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons-United Nations Joint Investigative Mechanism
      Summary: Transmits the 3rd report of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism pursuant to Security Council resolution 2235 (2015).
    • S/2016/678 (3 August 2016): Letter dated 2 August 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council
      Other Title: Progress in the elimination of the Syrian chemical weapons programme:
      http://undocs.org/S/2016/678
      Summary: Transmits the 34th monthly report of the Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) pursuant to para. 12 of Security Council resolution 2118 (2013); covers the period from 24 June-22 July 2016.
    • S/2016/577 (28 June 2016): Letter dated 27 June 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council:
      http://undocs.org/S/2016/577
      Other Title: Progress in the elimination of the Syrian chemical weapons programme
      Summary: Transmits the 33rd monthly report of the Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) pursuant to para. 12 of Security Council resolution 2118 (2013); covers the period from 24 May-23 June 2016.
    • S/2016/546 (17 June 2016): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014) and 2258 (2015): Report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2016/546
    • S/2016/494 (27 May 2016): Letter dated 27 May 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council:
      http://undocs.org/S/2016/494
      Other Title: Progress in the elimination of the Syrian chemical weapons programme
      Summary: Transmits the 32nd monthly report of the Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) pursuant to para. 12 of Security Council resolution 2118 (2013); covers the period from 22 Apr.-23 May 2016.
    • S/2016/391 (27 April 2016): Letter dated 26 April 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council:
      http://undocs.org/S/2016/391
      Other Title: Progress in the elimination of the Syrian chemical weapons programme; Review by the Technical Secretariat of the declaration and related disclosures of the Syrian Arab Republic
      Summary: Transmits the 31st monthly report of the Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) pursuant to para. 12 of Security Council resolution 2118 (2013); covers the period from 24 Mar. to 21 Apr. 2016.
    • S/2016/460 (19 May 2016): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014) and 2258 (2015) : report of the Secretary-General
      http://undocs.org/S/2016/460
      27th report submitted pursuant to para. 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014), para. 10 of Council resolution 2165 (2014), para. 5 of Council resolution 2191 (2014) and para. 5 of Council resolution 2258 (2015); covers the period from 1-30 Apr. 2016.
      "Annex: Syrian Arab Republic: United Nations cross-border operations under UNSC resolutions 2165/2191/2258 (July 2014 to April 2016)": p. 12.
    • S/2016/384 (26 April 2016): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014) and 2258 (2015) : report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2016/384
      Annexes: Map 1: Syrian Arab Republic: United Nations cross-border operations under UNSC resolutions 2165/2191/2258 (July 2014 to March 2016) -- 2. Syrian Arab Republic: 2016 UN Inter-Agency Convoys (as of 20 April 2016).
    • S/RES/2268 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2268(2016)
      on cessation of hostilities in the Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/2016/285 (29 March 2016): Letter dated 28 March 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council (Other Title: Progress in the Elimination of the Syrian Chemical Weapons Programme): http://undocs.org/S/2016/285
      Transmits the 30th monthly report of the Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) pursuant to para. 12 of Security Council resolution 2118 (2013); covers the period from 23 Feb. to 23 Mar. 2016.
    • S/2016/272 (23 March 2016): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014) and 2258 (2015) : report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/S/2016/272
      Annexes: Map 1: Syrian Arab Republic: United Nations cross-border operations under UNSC resolutions 2165/2191/2258 (July 2014 to February 2016) -- 2. Syrian Arab Republic: 2016 UN Inter-Agency Convoys (as of 17 March 2016).
    • S/2016/156 (18 February 2016): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014) and 2258 (2015): Report of the Secretary-General
      http://undocs.org/S/2016/156
    • S/2016/152 (17 February 2016): Letter dated 17 February 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council:
      http://undocs.org/S/2016/152
      Submitted pursuant to para. 15 of Security Council resolution 2254 (2015), in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to report within 60 days on the implementation of the resolution.
    • S/2016/142 (12 February 2016): Letter dated 12 February 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council:
      http://undocs.org/S/2016/142
      Transmits the first report of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism pursuant to para. 12 of Security Council resolution 2235 (2015); covers the period from 24 Sept. 2015, when the present mandate of the Mechanism commenced, until 10 Feb. 2016.
    • S/2016/60 (21 January 2016): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014) and 2258 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/2016/60
      Submitted pursuant to para. 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014), para. 10 of Council resolution 2165 (2014), para. 5 of Council resolution 2191 (2014) and and para. 5 of Council resolution 2258 (2015); covers the period from 1 to 31 Dec. 2015.
    • S/RES/2258 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2258(2015)
      on the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic and renewal for a period of 12 months of two decisions of Security Council resolution 2165 (2014)
    • S/RES/2254 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2254(2015)
      endorsing road map for peace process in Syria, setting timetable for talks
    • S/2015/862 (11 November 2015): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014): 
      http://undocs.org/S/2015/862 - covers the period from 1 to 31 Oct. 2015.
    • S/2015/813 (22 October 2015): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014):
      http://undocs.org/S/2015/813 - covers the period from 1 to 30 Sept. 2015.
    • S/2015/698 (10 September 2015): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014):
      http://undocs.org/S/2015/698 - covers the period from 1 June to 31 Aug. 2015.
    • S/2015/651 (20 August 2015): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014): http://undocs.org/S/2015/651
    • S/RES/2235 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2235(2015)
      establish for one year a Joint Investigative Mechanism of the United Nations and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which would identify “to the greatest extent feasible” individuals, entities, groups or Governments perpetrating, organizing, sponsoring or otherwise involved in the use of chemicals as weapons in Syria
    • S/2015/561 (24 July 2015): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014): http://undocs.org/S/2015/561
    • S/2015/468 (23 June 2015): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014): http://undocs.org/S/2015/468
      Annex: Information on the review by the Security Council of paragraphs 2 and 3 of resolution 2165 (2014), pursuant to paragraph 3 of resolution 2191 (2014)": p. 15-16.
    • S/2015/368 (22 May 2015): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014):
      http://undocs.org/S/2015/368
    • S/2015/264 (17 April 2015): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014):
      http://undocs.org/S/2015/264 - covers the period from 1 to 31 March 2015
    • S/2015/206 (23 March 2015): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014):
      http://undocs.org/S/2015/206 - covers the period from 1 December 2014 to 28 February 2015
    • S/RES/2209 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2209(2015)
      on the progress in the elimination of the Syrian chemical weapons programme
    • S/2015/124 (19 February 2015): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014); Report of the Secretary-General
      http://undocs.org/S/2015/124 - covers the period from 1 to 31 January 2015
    • S/2015/48 (22 January 2015): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014) and 2191 (2014)
      http://undocs.org/S/2015/48 - covers the period from 1 to 31 December 2014
    • S/RES/2192 (2014): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2192(2014)
      on renewal of the decisions in paragraphs 2 and 3 of Security Council resolution 2165 (2014) for a period of 12 months until 10 Jan. 2016
    • S/AC.51/2014/4 (26 November 2014): Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict: Conclusions on children and armed conflict in the Syria
      http://undocs.org/S/AC.51/2014/4
    • S/2014/840 (21 November 2014): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014) and 2165 (2014):
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/840
    • S/2014/756 (23 October 2014): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014) and 2165 (2014); Report of the Secretary-General:
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/756
    • S/2014/696 (24 September 2014): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014) and 2165 (2014); Report of the Secretary-General:
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/696
    • S/2014/611 (21 August 2014): Implementation of Security Council resolutions 2139 (2014) and 2165 (2014): Report of the Secretary-General:
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/611
    • S/2014/525 (23 July 2014): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014):
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/525
    • S/RES/2165 (2014): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2165(2014)
      on the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic and the establishment of a monitoring mechanism
    • S/2014/427 (20 June 2014): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014)
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/427
    • S/2014/348 (22 May 2014): Draft resolution [on the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic]
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/348
    • S/2014/295 (23 April 2014):  Implementation of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014): Report of the Secretary-General
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/295
    • S/2014/244 (4 April 2014): Letter from the Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council - Report into the credibility of certain evidence with regard to torture and execution of persons incarcerated by the current Syrian regime
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/244
    • S/2014/208 (24 March 2014): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014)
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/208
    • S/RES/ 2139(2014):http://undocs.org/S/RES/2139(2014)
      on the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/2014/31 (27 January 2014): Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic
      http://undocs.org/S/2014/31
    • A/68/663-S/2013/735 (13 December 2013): Identical letters dated 13 December 2013 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly and the President of the Security Council
      http://undocs.org/S/2013/735
      Transmits the final report of the UN Mission to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic; includes 11 appendices.
    • S/2013/591 (7 October 2013): Letter dated 7 October 2013 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council
      http://undocs.org/S/2013/591
      Transmits proposal of the Secretary-General outlining his plans for a Joint Mission with the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
    • S/PRST/2013/15 (2 October 2013): Statement by the President of the Security Council: "The situation in the Middle East”
      http://undocs.org/S/PRST/2013/15
    • S/2013/580 (27 September 2013): Letter dated 27 September 2013 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council.
      http://undocs.org/S/2013/580
      Transmits decision of the Executive Council of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons entitled “Decision on destruction of Syrian chemical weapons”
    • S/RES/2118 (2013): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2118(2013)
      on the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic
    • A/67/997-S/2013/553 (13 September 2013)
      Report of the United Nations Mission to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic on the alleged use of chemical weapons in the Ghouta area of Damascus on 21 August 2013 : note / by the Secretary-General
      http://undocs.org/S/2013/553
      Includes letter of transmittal of the report dated 13 Sept. 2013 from the UN Mission to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic.
    • S/2013/184 (25 March 2013): Letter dated 22 March 2013 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council
      http://undocs.org/S/2013/184
      The Secretary-General announced his decision to conduct an investigation into the alleged use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/2012/618 (10 August 2012): Letter dated 10 August 2012 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council
      http://undocs.org/S/2012/618
      Updates the Council on the implementation of the Security Council resolution 2059 (2012) and the situation in Syria since the 2 Aug. 2012 briefing by the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations.
    • S/RES/2059 (2012)http://undocs.org/S/RES/2059(2012)
      on the renewal of the mandate of UNSMIS for a final period of 30 days
    • S/2012/538 (19 July 2012): France, Germany, Portugal, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution
      http://undocs.org/S/2012/538
    • S/2012/523 (6 July 2012): Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolution 2043 (2012):
      http://undocs.org/S/2012/523
      Annex (p.18-22) : "Final communiqué of the Action Group for Syria".
    • S/RES/2043 (2012): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2043(2012)
      on the establishment of a UN Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS)
    • S/2012/238 (19 April 2012): Letter dated 2012/04/19 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council:
      http://undocs.org/S/2012/238
      Provides a background to the crisis in the Syrian Arab Republic and outlines a proposal for a UN Supervision Mission in the Syrian Arab Republic (UNSMIS) for an initial period of 3 months; recommends that the Security Council authorize UNSMIS, with the understanding that the Secretary-General consider relevant developments on the ground, including the consolidation of the cessation of the violence, in deciding on deployments.
    • S/RES/2042 (2012): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2042(2012)
      on authorization of the deployment of an advance team of up to 30 unarmed military observers to Syrian Arab Republic
    • S/PRST/2012/6 (21 March 2012): http://undocs.org/S/PRST/2012/6
      Includes text of the initial six-point proposal submitted to the Syrian authorities, as outlined by the Joint Special Envoy for the United Nations and the League of Arab States, Kofi Annan, to the Security Council on 16 March 2012)
    • S/2012/77 (4 February 2012): Bahrain, Colombia, Egypt, France, Germany, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Portugal, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution: http://undocs.org/S/2012/77


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General Assembly


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Human Rights Council


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UN Entities
  • United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) - Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) – Maps: Syria
    http://www.unitar.org/unosat/maps/SYR
    • Four Years of Human Suffering – The Syria conflict as observed through satellite imagery (March 2015):
      http://un4.me/1MMoeoK


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Selected Statements and Speeches by UN Officials


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Selected UN Documents
  • UN Member States on the Record: Syrian Arab Republic
    http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/unms/syrianarabrepublic.shtml
    key documents related to its membership in the UN; statements made before the principal organs; draft resolutions sponsored; periodic reports submitted on Human Rights conventions, etc.


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Selected Articles in UN Journals


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Further Information


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Non-UN Sources


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21 September 2016
not an official document - for information only
http://www.unric.org/en/unric-library/26585