Monday, 04 May 2015

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Human Rights


Human Rights by Country

Charter-based Bodies Documents Search

The current Charter-based bodies are the Human Rights Council and its subsidiaries, including the Universal Periodic Review Working Group, and the Advisory Committee. Previously, the Charter-based bodies were the Commission on Human Rights and its subsidiaries, including the Subcommission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.

Treaty Body Documents Search

Several UN human rights conventions establish monitoring bodies to oversee the implementation of the treaty provisions. The treaty bodies are composed of independent experts and meet to consider States parties' reports as well as individual complaints or communications. They may also publish general comments on the treaties they oversee. The treaty-based bodies tend to follow similar patterns of documentation.


Universal Human Rights Index of United Nations Documents

The Universal Human Rights Index provides instant access for all countries to human rights information from the United Nations system. The index is based on the observations and recommendations of the following international expert bodies:

  • the seven Treaty Bodies monitoring the implementation of the core international human rights treaties (since 2000)
  • the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council (since 2006)

You can access the information by country, by rights and by body.

The UN Secretary-General’s database on violence against women

In December 2006, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a comprehensive resolution calling for an intensification of efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women and requesting the Secretary-General to establish a coordinated database on the extent, nature and consequences of all forms of violence against women, and on the impact and effectiveness of policies and programmes for, including best practices in, combating such violence.

The primary source of information for the database is the responses received from Member States to the questionnaire on violence against women, of September 2008, and subsequent updates. Other sources of information include:

  • States parties' reports to human rights treaty bodies
  • Information provided by Member States in follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women (1995); for reports of the Secretary-General; and in statements made at the United Nations
  • Information available through relevant United Nations entities

UNODC Human Trafficking Case Law Database

The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has developed a human trafficking case law database to provide immediate, public access to officially documented instances of this crime. The database contains details on victims' and perpetrators' nationalities, trafficking routes, verdicts and other information related to prosecuted cases from across the world. In doing so, it provides not only mere statistics on numbers of prosecutions and convictions, but also the real-life stories of trafficked persons as documented by the courts. The database aims to assist judges, prosecutors, policy-makers, media researchers and other interested parties by making available details of real cases with examples of how the respective national laws in place can be used to prosecute human trafficking. At its launch in October 2011, more than 150 selected cases from over 30 countries and two regional courts have been uploaded, with an additional 100 cases from over a dozen states to be added in the coming months.

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