Thursday, 24 April 2014

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The kidnapper and the kidnapped - A true Colombian story

Mark Henderson directorIn 2003 Mark Henderson, a British TV and documentary producer, was kidnapped and held hostage in the Colombian jungle for 101 days. After being contacted by one of his kidnappers one year after his release, he returned to the site of his kidnapping with three of his fellow hostages to confront his kidnapper.

The documentary My Kidnapper will be screened at UNRIC’s Ciné-ONU on 15 November 2011 at the Goethe Institute, Rue Belliardstraat 58, Brussels. Mark Henderson will be present at the screening and will lead the discussion after the film.

 

UNRIC contacted Mark Henderson to ask him some questions about his experiences in Colombia.

          How has your experience as a hostage in Sierra Nevada changed your view about the situation in Colombia?

Before travelling to Colombia all I knew about the country was coffee, cocaine and kidnapping.  My four months there completely changed my perception of the country and it has done the same for my family and friends and hopefully for people who've seen the film.  It is a beautiful country with a people with an incredible spirit.  We only hear about it in headlines and hyperbole - drug traffickers, guerillas, paramilitaries, cocaine.  Like many issues around the world, there are millions of human voices that remain unheard.  I now feel inextricably linked to Colombia and on my release and return to the UK I made a conscious effort to learn as much as I could about the situation I'd been caught up in.  It's such a complicated history, I don't know if I'll ever truly understand it, but every time I hear the country mentioned, I'll always listen in.

        In the film you go to a village of about 9,000 IDPs. They tell you they understand what you went through because they feel like hostages every day. What are your thoughts on that?

I realized after meeting those women, and it was mostly women as the men had been killed, that our story was just a tiny footnote in the larger narrative of Colombia.  It's true what they said, that we got out of it and were released, but that they're still trapped there.  I can't even imagine what that must feel like.  Just as we knew nothing about our future, so they are living in constant ignorance, never sure if they'll ever go back to their villages, if their lives will ever return to normality.  And sadly they feel that no one is listening to them.  That was all they asked us, to get their story out.   

       How has this experience impacted on you as a person?

I don't think you can go through an experience like this and not change.  It has brought me closer to my family and friends who supported each other back home.  It has made me a calmer more rational person.  The kidnapping made me come face to face with my own mortality and that is a powerful lesson.  It has opened my eyes to a corner of the world I knew nothing about and made me realize we have a responsibility to other people, not just in our own community, but in the wider international community, at least to learn and educate ourselves about what is going on around the world.

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D
efinitions:

    • Internally displaced people: or IDPs, are often wrongly called refugees. Unlike refugees, IDPs have not crossed an international border to find sanctuary but have remained inside their home countries. Even if they have fled for similar reasons as refugees (armed conflict, generalized violence, human rights violations), IDPs legally remain under the protection of their own government - even though that government might be the cause of their flight. As citizens, they retain all of their rights and protection under both human rights and international humanitarian law.

      There are 3,484,350 IDP’s in Colombia according to the Colombian government.

 

    • Refugee: The 1951 Refugee Convention establishing UNHCR spells out that a refugee is someone who "owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country."

 

    • Asylum-seeker: The terms asylum-seeker and refugee are often confused: an asylum-seeker is someone who says he or she is a refugee, but whose claim has not yet been definitively evaluated.

      National asylum systems are there to decide which asylum-seekers actually qualify for international protection. Those judged through proper procedures not to be refugees, nor to be in need of any other form of international protection, can be sent back to their home countrie